Exposure to xenoestrogens called phthalates, often found in cologne, can cause male infertility due to aspermia (failure to produce sperm). Researchers recently discovered phytoestrogens in celery oil (Apium graveolens) can protect the male testis against phthalate induced aspermia. Celery has also been found to improve spermatogenesis (sperm production). There is hope against the chemical castration of our male population by hormone disrupting chemicals.
Bisphenol A (BPA) a known xenoestrogen and hormone disruptor was degradated by bacterial strains isolated from kimchi, a traditionally fermented food, as reported in a 2007 research paper.
Research reports green and black tea contain compounds called catechins that exibit anti-estrogenic activity caused by exposure to the xenoestrogen bisphenol A (BPA).
The data from a 2014 study indicates green tea is potentially an effective treatment for oxidative stress, caused by bisphenol A (BPA), of human red blood cells (erythrocytes).
A 2017 study found vitamin A (retinoids) plays a large role in the detoxification of the xenoestrogen bisphenol A (BPA) through the liver's (hepatic) detox pathways, in particular the enzymes involved require hepatic retinoid stores.