Perfume and cosmetics with fragrances were found in a 2019 Study to contain phthalates; endocrine disrupting chemicals known to negatively affect reproduction due to their anti-androgenic (testosterone blocker) effects. Phthalates have been associated with birth defects, infertility, and lower sperm count. Phthalates, known xenoestrogens, are linked to hormone related issues like micropenis, undescended testicles, hypospadias, disrupted spermatogenesis, ovarian dysfunction and uterine fibroids.
Scientists found a strong link between cumulative doses of drugs containing dibutyl phthalate (DBP) and estrogen receptor–positive breast cancer; with a 90% increased risk for those who used medications coated with DBP compared to those who didn't.
A peer reviewed study outlines the various types of phthalates found in fruit jellies eaten by kids and adults.